Environmental Organizations


International council for science (ICSU) is an international organization that has brought together member states and scientific organizations for promoting science development. Its headquarter is in Paris, France. Its members are international scientific unions and National scientific bodies.

ICSU was founded in 1931. Formerly, it was composed of two organizations: The International Association of Academies (IAA; 1899 – 1914) and the International Research Council (IRC; 1919 – 1931).

In 1998, the two bodies were brought under the umbrella name of International Council of Science though the same abbreviations ICSU was retained. The ICSU’s major activity is to optimize science to benefit the society worldwide.


The secretariat of the ICSU is composed of 17 staff members. They are responsible for the daily running of the organization under the watchful eyes of an elected executive board. There are three policy committees namely: The Committee on Freedom and Responsibility in the conduct of Science (CFRS), the Committee on Finance (CF) and the Committee on Scientific Planning and Review (CSPR). These committees assist the board. The general assembly meets after every three years.

As of 2012, ICSU had observers and associates from 140 countries, 120 national scientific members and 31 disciplinary scientific unions worldwide. The president of the ICSU is Mr. Gordon McBean.

ICSU core mission is to bring the rich scientific knowledge from scientist regardless of their country of origin or race. In its interactions with various members it has offered sound advice to governments, private sectors and other stakeholders involved in scientific development and application.

Under this ICSU umbrella, multi-disciplinary scientists from all countries are brought together for the same cause. Resources and knowledge is drummed up to identify important scientific issues and the society in general.
The ICSU draws funds mainly from member’s contributions. Other sources include framework contracts and grants from United Nations bodies and agencies supporting scientific research work and development.


The International Council for Science, the International Social Science Council and the International Council for Philosophy and Human Sciences have announced the year 2016 as the International Year of Global Understanding (IYGU).

During the world, social science forum held in Durban, participants were informed that various research projects, information campaigns and educational programmers’ will be conducted all year round. This worldwide campaign is aimed at relating how peoples’ daily activities affects “the global fronts in relation to climate change and food security.”

On each day in 2016, the IYGU will highlight a change to an everyday activity that “has been scientifically proven to be more sustainable than the current practice,” said a statement. This will have a paradigm change on how people view their simple daily activities.
Though the United Nations has not granted the IYGU status of an international observed year, it aims at raising the voice of science. So far, it’s the only year that has obtained the scientific community support.


IYGU has moved from the traditions of solving climatic problems from above. Dealing directly with the people is the new approach. The reason behind this is to exchange notes with the people on the ground, make them understand the outcomes of their activities and take a corrective measure.

Anantha Duraiappah, the director of UNESCO’S Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Education for Peace, is optimistic that the year will offer incites to students and an opportunity for policy makers to engage with scientists.

IYGU has taken the challenge further by inviting short video from artists. Musicians, photographers, film makers and other artists have been requested to produce a video in their own language and understanding. The video will include their motivation, objectives and the impacts of their works in the society.

Rob Cartridge, the head of Action Aid in UK, is optimistic that international years can be sufficient vehicles to highlight issues and IYGU seems to achieve that.

By igu on October 15, 2018 | Environmental Organizations


IGB is an international, scientific committee working under the patronage of the International Geographical Union. It has the updated geographical publications globally, written in English and French languages.

It started operations in 1891 focusing on geographical issues. It analyzes geographical books, journals, theses, maps, atlases and congresses. It also includes a network of geographical specialists who offer insights on some countries or issues on study.
IGB has a scientific committee which was set up in 2000. It ensures that scientific policy of database is continuously updated. It is composed of nine members who meet after every two years.


The chronology of publications starts from the year 1891. The journal Annales de Geographie was written by P. Vidal de la Blache and M. Dubois. L. Raveneau was the sub-editor and was in charge of the Bibliography. In 1921, French Association of geographers was established and it published the IGB independently by Elicio Colins.
In 1932, the Cairo International Geographical Congress published the journal and changed its name to International Geographical Bibliography. The journal was published again in 1949 with the support of UNESCO under the patronage of IGU.

In 1951, Pierre George who was in charge of Eastern Europe became the editor. He maintained and covered all areas of interest satisfactorily.
From 1953 to 1976, various publications were produced. In 1976, the work was computerized by Roger Brunet. It consisted of a bulletin and a bibliographic database, both in English and French. About 1986, a 12-member international committee was being set up. Various publications were done from 1991 to 2009, when the keywords were translated into Spanish.

In 2010, the website on the internet was created. On this site, one enters the keywords of the area of interest and details pop up. Research servers were also designed for producing specific results like pictures in the area of interest.
2012 saw the IGB website having both French and English languages. In 2014, the IGB database was closed as the National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS), which presented a scientific and technical information strategy came into force.

By igu on August 30, 2018 | Environmental Organizations


Young earth scientists’ association was established in the year 2007. The idea was borne in 2007 which was The International Year of Planet Earth (IYPE). It is composed of young career geologist’s scientists below the age of 35 years. The association targets university students, geosciences organizations and companies globally.
The main aim of YES is to form an international network of individuals with expertise in geology to help solve the climatic, geosciences and environmental problems. The network is also committed to sustain the IYPE motto of “Earth Sciences for Society.”

YES is composed of 16 regional groups namely: East Midland, East Anglian, East Midlands, Central Scotland, Home Counties North, Hong Kong, South East, North Iceland, Solent, North West, Northern, South West, Yorkshire, Thames Valley, Western and Southern Wales.

YES is also composed of several specialist groups who have a world-wide network. This group includes Volcanic and Magmatic Studies Group, Tectonic Studies Group, Quaternary Research Association, Petroleum Group, Near Surface Geophysics Group, Mineral Deposits Studies Group, Geochemistry Group, Geological Society discussion group, Geological remote sensing groups and several other geological specialists’ groups.


The latest YES meeting was held in Tanzania in 2014. The theme was coined as “Bridging Geo-Generations into Global Earth Sciences Integrations”. The first international congress was held in China University of geosciences in Beijing, China in the year 2009.

This was organized under the sponsorship of UNESCO with IYEP teaming up with the group. The conference discussed various climatic, geosciences and environmental issues and how they impart on the society. Challenges facing early career geoscientists were also discussed.

There are several upcoming events slated for November 2016. This includes 2nd south east England regional conference at the Worthing College among others. For more information on current events you can log on www.geosoc.org.uk/events. For more information on YES network you can also log onto their website: www.networkyes.org.

By igu on January 11, 2018 | Environmental Organizations