Geographical Organizations


International council for science (ICSU) is an international organization that has brought together member states and scientific organizations for promoting science development. Its headquarter is in Paris, France. Its members are international scientific unions and National scientific bodies.

ICSU was founded in 1931. Formerly, it was composed of two organizations: The International Association of Academies (IAA; 1899 – 1914) and the International Research Council (IRC; 1919 – 1931).

In 1998, the two bodies were brought under the umbrella name of International Council of Science though the same abbreviations ICSU was retained. The ICSU’s major activity is to optimize science to benefit the society worldwide.


The secretariat of the ICSU is composed of 17 staff members. They are responsible for the daily running of the organization under the watchful eyes of an elected executive board. There are three policy committees namely: The Committee on Freedom and Responsibility in the conduct of Science (CFRS), the Committee on Finance (CF) and the Committee on Scientific Planning and Review (CSPR). These committees assist the board. The general assembly meets after every three years.

As of 2012, ICSU had observers and associates from 140 countries, 120 national scientific members and 31 disciplinary scientific unions worldwide. The president of the ICSU is Mr. Gordon McBean.

ICSU core mission is to bring the rich scientific knowledge from scientist regardless of their country of origin or race. In its interactions with various members it has offered sound advice to governments, private sectors and other stakeholders involved in scientific development and application.

Under this ICSU umbrella, multi-disciplinary scientists from all countries are brought together for the same cause. Resources and knowledge is drummed up to identify important scientific issues and the society in general.
The ICSU draws funds mainly from member’s contributions. Other sources include framework contracts and grants from United Nations bodies and agencies supporting scientific research work and development.


Villa Celimontana is the central collection and preservation home of all documentary materials globally. These materials include books, manuscripts and geographical maps. The home has a long history since 1572, when it was built to the acquisition by the Italian government after the World War I. The home was handed over to the city of Rome which granted it to Geographical Society in 1926.

The Home of Geography has improved its infrastructures resulting to safer storage with improved roles. With the leadership of the outgoing Director Prof. Armando Montanari, a memorandum of understanding was signed by International Geographical Union (IGU) and the Italian Geography Society.

The aim was to support geography, both locally and globally, to manage and conserve International Geographic Union materials, organize meetings and networking with global geographical stakeholders and to provide technical support to geographers.


The IGU is committed to improve its invaluable collections by channeling more acquisitions, deposits, and gifts to its premises. The library is strategically organized with future mission in mind. The president and the secretariat utilize the upper rooms.
Meetings take place at Giussepe Dalla Vedova and the historical materials, videos, photos and museum collections are preserved in the upper level. The lower level has six rooms where the society’s board meets and serves as a reading room.

The IGU has collected archives from London and Bonn dating back from 1956 to 2000. These materials contain the meaning of IGU, working and study groups, member countries, newsletters, affiliations with other organizations and financial income and expenditure of the union.

IGU has established home of geography publication series, information network, geography website and newsletters to disseminate and collect geographical materials worldwide. In addition, meetings and conferences are organized periodically to team up with technical geographers and IGU executive committee to coordinate international geographical events.

The new Director, Prof. Giuliano Belleza has been ushered in to implement the future objectives of IGU. He is expected to update the paper and video archives and restore the missing documentations, enhance IGU publication series and network, distribute Home Geography in Italian Universities and maintain continued seminars and conferences.

By igu on September 6, 2018 | Geographical Organizations


Royal Geographical Society was founded in 1830 with an objective of promoting geographical sciences. It has a long history having started as Geographical Society of London in 1830. It took over the Raleigh Club, the Palestinian Association as well as the African Association which had been started by Sir Joseph Bank in 1788.
The idea of establishing it was discussed at dinner debates in London, just like many learned societies. The original members were Sir John Franklin, Sir John Barrow and Sir Francis Beaufort.

In 1859, under the support of King William IV, its name became Royal Geographical Society as it was granted a royal charter by Queen Victoria. In 1911, Earl Curzon became the society’s president and secured its present premises; Lowther Lodge in Kensington Gore. It was purchased for £100,000. It was opened for use in 1913, the same year women were allowed into the society.

The RGS has a long list of elected president since its establishment. The current president is Nicholas Crane. He chairs the council which is governed by the board of trustees.


The association has worked closely with renowned explorers and expeditions. This includes Darwin, Livingstone, Scotts Stanley, Hillary, Hunt and Shackleton. These explorers collected maps, charts, information and discoveries and handed them to RGS for safe storage.

In 1831; the society published its first journal with other meetings being recorded during proceedings. The Geographical Journal was first published in 1893 to date.

The historical collections were opened to the public in 2004 and a new membership criterion was set up to incorporate more people with interest in geography. The Foyle Reading Room was also opened to improve the society’s knowledge by actual observations and feelings. RGS uses these collections to engage the public and research centers and assists in policy making for the betterment of the general society.

By igu on July 6, 2018 | Geographical Organizations


EUROGEO was started in 1979 with the main aim of advancing European geographical education and teaching to its member countries. Its initial title was “European Standing Conference of Geography Teachers Association (CGTA). It took the name EUROGEO when other European countries joined the membership.

Meetings were attended by presidents or their representatives twice yearly under the patronage of the European Commission in Brussels. Several activities were conducted by a committee of volunteers headed by Henk Meier of the Dutch Geographical Association. The meetings were held in Paris, France and Brussels, Belgium from 1980 to 1996.

The topics discussed included agriculture, migration, traffic and transportation, regional problems, industry and geographical aspects from different countries. EUROGEO attained an NGO status in 1987.

In 1999, European Minerva Project was awarded to EUROGEO in which it applied ICT materials in teaching geography to promote European Citizenship.
The organization held its first elections in June 2009 where Karl Donert was elected as the first president.


A number of books, magazines and articles have been published. A European Journal of Geography was published for the first time in 2010 by EUROGEO. It had a good review and was indexed in Scopus, a bibliographic database containing abstract and citations for academic journal articles.

EUROGEO has a huge volume of geographical facts which it applies to the society for the betterment of the planet earth. A concerted effort with the available information, governments and policy makers are the only ways to solve the threats posed to the environment and the climate.

The interrelationship between people whose numbers have risen and the diminishing resources is a point in view. Plans are being devised to evaluate on how geographical information will assist in sound decisions making about people and their surroundings. Solutions are also sought to know how education will be best applied to respond to various geographical information arising daily.

By igu on June 22, 2018 | Geographical Organizations


The American Association of Geographers (AAG) was established in 1904 in Philadelphia as Association of Americans Geographers. In January, 1st 2016, the organization president, Sarah Witham Bednarz PhD, announced the change of name to the current AAG.

This was devised to cater for the changing trends in international presentations. This motive was seconded by the president of geography professor Erick Sheppard who believed the name change reflected diversity in United States organizations.

The new outfit included non-American regions and groups. The AAG has a membership of over 10.000 groups spread to over 60 countries. It includes professionals and geographers both in the private and public sectors and in higher schools of learning.

AAG has a reward scheme known as James R. Anderson named after the former chief geographer of the US geological survey. It awards those individuals with prominent contributions to the geography profession. These individuals are drawn from the government, private sector, literature, education, research or the geography industry.


The AAG has two main journals:
1.The Professional Geographers
2.Annals of the Association of American Geographers

Also, it issues the Guide to Geography Programs in the Americas which guides higher learning institutions offering degrees, certificates and other geography courses. Lastly, the AAG circulates a monthly newsletter containing geographical issues, current discoveries of AAG members and a job column.

The AAG conducts meetings annually since its inception. It attracts over 7000 participants. Discussions are mainly on climate change, political instability, population dynamics, agriculture and natural calamities.

The AAG has over 60 branches of learning and voluntary groups that focuses on specific topics or regions. It has valued partnerships with various government agencies, private groups and non-profit organizations. This partnership includes National Institute for Health, United States Geological Survey and other valued partners.

By igu on June 15, 2018 | Geographical Organizations


EUGEO is an Association of Geographical Societies formed by European countries to align research, education and science on Geography of Europe. It has 21 members who have formed a strong network for dealing with European geographical undertakings.

It was established in 1994 in Rome at the home of geography – Villa Celimontana. The president of the association is Prof. Henk Ottens who is serving a second term. The secretary General is Dr. Massimiliano Tabusi. The EOGEO has two members who have served since 2012.

Individual countries’ associations were formed by geographical experts drawn from educationists, politicians and businessmen. These experts had invaluable knowledge on past military activities, international trading and global colonization which forms the basis of the current geographical researches.

The society organizes media events, publications, exhibitions, political lobbying and international networking. Individual societies produce atlases, monographs and other geographical materials. Historical materials, reports from expeditions, books, drawings globes and artifacts are under their jurisdiction.


Geography teaches and inspires people to understand and know the earth and the world in depth. It gives the hands-on information to practice geographical arts and science. Geography strives to reveal how people, societies and environment interact daily in the local settings to global fronts. Geography is divided into Physical and Human Geography. Physical Geography is involved in patterns and processes in the natural environment.

Human Geography encompasses man made impacts meted on the environment. Geography has a long history and has been applied by policy makers in designing urban centers, rural areas and various physical infrastructures.

EOGEO organizes yearly conferences to update members on the current Geography and Geographical society’s issues in Europe. It promotes education and generates research topics affecting the member countries. Current activities have resulted in strengthened geographical teaching in Italy and an overhaul of Geography syllables in Australia.

By igu on May 11, 2018 | Geographical Organizations


IAG/AIG is an international association of specialists in landforms origin, their classification, development and history. It was established in 1989 in Frankfurt, Germany during the second international conference. Its core mission is to network with international and regional groups, hold conferences and share new insights in geomorphologies.

63 countries are members of IAG through their national executive councils. IAG has a constitution which was ratified in Tokyo, Japan in 2001. It outlined the name, objectives, membership, affiliations and activities of the organization.
The executive members are elected and include the president, three vice presidents, secretary, treasurer and a publications officer. The elected members are to be drawn from different countries and will serve a term not exceeding four years.

IAG has several working groups that work independently. An example is the Dendrogeomorphology whose main activity is devising ways to standardize the collection of specific geological processes over a period of time and a uniform way of analyzing them.


There is an upcoming IAG conference to be held in New Delhi, India from 6 – 11th of November. India will show case its mountains, delta, plains, wetlands and plateaus which boast of before and after the conference. Members, institutions, corporate and companies have been requested to sponsor or enroll in the event to make it a reality.

A total of 40 technical sessions will be carried out in the conference whose theme will be “Geomorphology and Society.” The IAG holds workshops periodically. The latest workshop involved geomorphologists under the age of 35 years titled “Martian Gullies and Their Earth Analogues” in June, 2016. Several award schemes are available for those geomorphologists who have shown exemplary results in their area of expertise.

IAG has several publications and newsletters. An example of these publications is: Piotr Migon, Heather, A. Viles (Eds): Sandstone geomorphology – landscape formation, Field mapping, research methods, volume 59, 2015.

By igu on April 11, 2018 | Geographical Organizations


The international festival of geography is held every year to showcase new innovations and how they impart on our daily activities. During these festivities, geographers globally are invited to take part in its realization. The latest festival was held Saint-Dié-des-Voges; Belgium in 2016. The theme of the festival was “A world that goes faster.”

Among other issues, speed in journalism was debated. The advent of immediate reporting of news was on the table. Questions were put forward as to the need to inform the public on news that are not substantiated and the need to be the first to report. The older form of reporting has been drastically changed.

According to Jochen Gerner of the illustrator press, journalists report news without ascertaining their authenticity. This has led to people not believing in news any more. Eric Fottorino of the World Today Newspaper, editor the one, refers to it as the “Dictatorship of the moment” where reporters are forced to report on news first and check legitimacy later or risk losing their jobs.


During the event, Jules Ferry’s students and Zokatos’ artists showcased their contribution by painting the sidewalks which guided the participants to various places in the FIG. The place of geography study was discussed and proposals were put forward to make geography fun to teach.

Students had to be more involved in critical thinking. For example, they had to ask themselves on the origin of food, how they are produced and transported. It was also recommended that students should regularly hold seminars, just to learn differently.

FGI has several competitive prizes that are awarded to participants. Competitors are required to submit geographic issues that address all topics and should have innovative presentation. Participation is free and participants can contact FGI through

By igu on April 5, 2018 | Geographical Organizations